Melasma is a skin condition that occurs as brown patches on the face. It is more common in women than men, and in dark-skinned individuals in comparison to light-skinned individuals. While the exact cause of melasma is unknown, it commonly presents in women with increased hormone levels, such as pregnant women or women on birth control pills. Sun exposure is another factor in the development of melasma. Melasma sometimes resolves after pregnancy. There are a few different treatment options for melasma. Sun avoidance and protection measures are key to combating melasma. Broad-spectrum sunscreen of at least SPF 30 is a must and should be worn daily. In addition, fade creams can be used as well as chemical peels and laser treatments.